How can we understand different mental health issues through the Maturity Model framework, and why is it important that we do so?

Thinking: The Ability To Have Abstract Thought

InfantNo “thoughts”
ToddlerMagical thinking
School AgeConcrete & logical thinking
(durable categories: black and white)
AdolescenceAbstract reasoning

Thinking: Understanding The Concept Time

InfantNow (no future, no past)
ToddlerMagical future & past
School AgeClocks & calendars
AdolescenceBeginning of a realistic past & future
A+B = C

Self And Other: The Ability To See Another Human As A Separate Person

InfantNot separate
ToddlerPuppet (magical)
School AgePuppet (practical)
AdolescenceDifferentiates self from parents

Empathy for Others

InfantNot applicable
ToddlerSelf-focus (narcissism)
School Age“Pseudo” or mirror empathy-only for those who are like me
AdolescenceTrue empathy

Ethics: Internalized Ability To Tell Right From Wrong

InfantNot applicable
ToddlerAvoid punishment
School AgeEarn rewards & learn to follow rules
AdolescenceSocial ethic

Ego Strength: Manage Anxiety And Solve Problems

InfantCries out
ToddlerLooks to transitional object or parents for soothing
School AgeWork through anxiety through play, learns to solve problems
AdolescenceEmotional regulation & solves own problems